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      MBA英語二閱讀理解九個答題技巧

      2023-08-24 13:07 | 太奇MBA網

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      MBA英語二考試中閱讀理解的分數占比較高。閱讀理解的考察大到篇章,小到標點符號,所以我們要掌握各個細節,只有知己知彼方能百戰不殆。
       
      1、逗號(comma)
       
      用于分割并列成分??佳兄攸c:兩個逗號之間,或者一個逗號之后,如果是補充說明成分時,跳過不看。
       
      Eg:Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.
       
       
      2、句號(period/fullstop)
       
      ①用于陳述句,表示一個句子的結束,起分割切分句子作用。
      ②用于某些縮略詞之后,比如Mr.、Ms.、etc.等等。如果句號作為簡寫符號使用,那么這個詞語簡寫前后面的符號應該照常寫上,因為簡寫號并非句號,也不遵循句號的語法。比如Entreprise Co,Ltd或者I invited Tom,Jerry,etc..(注意兩個點)。
      ③用作小數點。
       
      3、問號(question mark)
       
      考研英語閱讀文章中的問號一般都是設問的功能,只問不答,答案不言自明。
       
      Eg:考研難道沒有價值嗎?另外,如果開篇就是問句,那么則屬于問題答案型文章,對問題的回答就是全文主旨。
       
       
      4、冒號(colon)
       
      冒號前后是從抽象到具體的過程,后面進一步補充說明前面的內容。
       
      Eg:1997 passage3 Q2
      60.The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean________.
      [A]widespread
      [B]overwhelming
      [C]piercing
      [D]fashionable
       
      5、 分號(semi-colon)
       
      前后是并列關系,包括結構上并列和語義上的并列。
       
      Eg:For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)
       
       
      6、引號(quotationmarks)
       
      ①引用 ;
      ②強調 ;
      ③諷刺。
      Eg:“Scientific” creationism, which is being pushed by some for “equal time” in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science.
       
       
      7、括號(parentheses)
       
      ①解釋說明生詞。
      ②補充說明。
       
      Eg:Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)
       
       
      8、破折號(dash)
       
      ①一個破折號后面起補充說明或評價判斷。
       
      Eg:I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all.“This book stands for reason itself.” And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.
       
      ②兩破折號之間其補充說明,可先跳過不看。
       
      Eg:In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.
       
       
      9、省略號(ellipsis)
       
      ①英文中的省略號的作用和漢語是一樣的。當省略號在句尾并且有下文時,應該打四個點,最后一個為句號。
       
      Eg:And it flew further,and further,and further....Jorge smiled and turned back.
       
      ②當省略號在句尾并作為語氣延長的作用時,應使用修辭前的標點Eg:Do you love me...?其余情況下使用三個點。
       
      Eg:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town,please send...more...
       
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